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南海构造演化模式:综合作用下的被动扩张

栾锡武 张亮

栾锡武, 张亮. 南海构造演化模式:综合作用下的被动扩张[J]. 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2009, 29(6): 59-74. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2009.06059
引用本文: 栾锡武, 张亮. 南海构造演化模式:综合作用下的被动扩张[J]. 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2009, 29(6): 59-74. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2009.06059
LUAN Xiwu, ZHANG Liang. TECTONIC EVOLUTION MODES OF SOUTH CHINA SEA: PASSIVE SPREADING UNDER COMPLEX ACTIONS[J]. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 2009, 29(6): 59-74. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2009.06059
Citation: LUAN Xiwu, ZHANG Liang. TECTONIC EVOLUTION MODES OF SOUTH CHINA SEA: PASSIVE SPREADING UNDER COMPLEX ACTIONS[J]. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 2009, 29(6): 59-74. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2009.06059

南海构造演化模式:综合作用下的被动扩张


doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2009.06059
详细信息
    作者简介:

    栾锡武(1966-),男,博士,责任研究员,主要从事海洋地球物理调查研究,E-mail:xluan@ms.qdio.ac.cn

  • 基金项目:

    国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(2007CB411702)

    中国科学院创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-YW-211-01)

    国家自然科学基金项目(40776032)

  • 中图分类号: P736.1

TECTONIC EVOLUTION MODES OF SOUTH CHINA SEA: PASSIVE SPREADING UNDER COMPLEX ACTIONS

More Information
  • 摘要: 南海处于欧亚板块、印度-澳大利亚板块和太平洋板块的交汇处,地质作用十分复杂,至今未能建立一个普遍适用的演化模式,成为南海研究中亟待解决的问题。通过总结南海构造演化的主要模式,分析各模式建立的依据和存在的问题,发现通过一个动力源来研究南海的形成演化是片面的。从南海构造特征分析,结合国外有关大陆岩石圈破裂的研究成果,认为南海海盆主体经历了被动大陆张裂到海底扩张的演化过程。动力源主要是古南海向南俯冲的拖曳力,辅助于南、南东向的地幔流作用。南海北部陆缘广泛存在的高速层,可能是地幔流沿拉张减薄面底侵的结果,因而不同于地幔柱作用引起南海的打开。印度板块碰撞、楔入产生的地幔流,经太平洋俯冲板块的阻挡,最终发生南、南东向流动。印支地块的挤出则对南海西部的拉张具有重要影响。
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  • 收稿日期:  2009-02-10
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南海构造演化模式:综合作用下的被动扩张

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2009.06059
    作者简介:

    栾锡武(1966-),男,博士,责任研究员,主要从事海洋地球物理调查研究,E-mail:xluan@ms.qdio.ac.cn

基金项目:

国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(2007CB411702)

中国科学院创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-YW-211-01)

国家自然科学基金项目(40776032)

  • 中图分类号: P736.1

摘要: 南海处于欧亚板块、印度-澳大利亚板块和太平洋板块的交汇处,地质作用十分复杂,至今未能建立一个普遍适用的演化模式,成为南海研究中亟待解决的问题。通过总结南海构造演化的主要模式,分析各模式建立的依据和存在的问题,发现通过一个动力源来研究南海的形成演化是片面的。从南海构造特征分析,结合国外有关大陆岩石圈破裂的研究成果,认为南海海盆主体经历了被动大陆张裂到海底扩张的演化过程。动力源主要是古南海向南俯冲的拖曳力,辅助于南、南东向的地幔流作用。南海北部陆缘广泛存在的高速层,可能是地幔流沿拉张减薄面底侵的结果,因而不同于地幔柱作用引起南海的打开。印度板块碰撞、楔入产生的地幔流,经太平洋俯冲板块的阻挡,最终发生南、南东向流动。印支地块的挤出则对南海西部的拉张具有重要影响。

English Abstract

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