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南海北部珠江口盆地浅水与深水区油气运聚成藏机制及特点

何家雄 马文宏 陈胜红 龚晓峰

何家雄, 马文宏, 陈胜红, 龚晓峰. 南海北部珠江口盆地浅水与深水区油气运聚成藏机制及特点[J]. 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2011, 31(4): 39-49. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2011.04039
引用本文: 何家雄, 马文宏, 陈胜红, 龚晓峰. 南海北部珠江口盆地浅水与深水区油气运聚成藏机制及特点[J]. 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2011, 31(4): 39-49. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2011.04039
HE Jiaxiong, MA Wenhong, CHEN Shenghong, GONG Xiaofeng. THE MECHANISM AND CHARACTERISTICS OF OIL AND GAS MIGRATION AND ACCUMULATION IN SHALLOW AND DEEP WATER OF ZHUJIANGKOU BASIN, NORTHEASTERN SOUTH CHINA SEA[J]. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 2011, 31(4): 39-49. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2011.04039
Citation: HE Jiaxiong, MA Wenhong, CHEN Shenghong, GONG Xiaofeng. THE MECHANISM AND CHARACTERISTICS OF OIL AND GAS MIGRATION AND ACCUMULATION IN SHALLOW AND DEEP WATER OF ZHUJIANGKOU BASIN, NORTHEASTERN SOUTH CHINA SEA[J]. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 2011, 31(4): 39-49. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2011.04039

南海北部珠江口盆地浅水与深水区油气运聚成藏机制及特点


doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2011.04039
详细信息
    作者简介:

    何家雄(1956-),男,研究员,博士,长期从事油气勘探与地质综合研究,E-mail:hejx@gig.ac.cn

  • 基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41040043),国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(2009CB219501)

  • 中图分类号: P744.4

THE MECHANISM AND CHARACTERISTICS OF OIL AND GAS MIGRATION AND ACCUMULATION IN SHALLOW AND DEEP WATER OF ZHUJIANGKOU BASIN, NORTHEASTERN SOUTH CHINA SEA

More Information
  • 摘要: 珠江口盆地浅水与深水区地质背景及油气成藏地质条件存在明显差异,其油气分布及油气运聚成藏机制具有显著不同的特点。(1)油气分布具"北油南气"的富集规律。浅水区北部裂陷带和东沙隆起及以北地区,地温梯度低、大地热流小,烃源岩有机质热演化处在油窗范围,以产大量石油为主伴少量油型气,故形成了以文昌、恩平、西江、惠州及陆丰油田群和流花油田群为主的北部陆架浅水石油富集区;深水区南部裂陷带和南部隆起及以南区域,地温梯度及大地热流偏高,烃源岩多处在成熟-高熟凝析油及湿气阶段,以产大量天然气和少量轻质油及凝析油为主,且以白云凹陷东部深水区LW3-1、LH34-2及LH29-1等天然气藏及LH16-2油藏和邻近深水区的白云北坡-番禺低隆起中小气田群为主,构成了以天然气为主的富集区带,但亦具石油及水合物资源潜力的深水油气富集区。(2)浅水区油气运聚成藏机制以外源型成藏组合为主,而深水区则多属混源型成藏组合。浅水区具有上渐新统-中新统三角洲滨岸砂岩及中新统礁灰岩外源型油气运聚成藏机制及含油气系统的特点,迄今勘探发现的大中型油田群均属于此类。半地堑洼陷自源型油气成藏机制在浅水区已被勘探证实但尚未获重大突破;深水区具有上渐新统陆架边缘三角洲砂岩混源型和中新统深水扇系统混源型天然气运聚成藏机制及含油气系统的特点,且存在深水海底天然气水合物及浅层气与深部常规油气共生叠置的展布关系。
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  • 收稿日期:  2011-04-10
  • 修回日期:  2011-06-15

南海北部珠江口盆地浅水与深水区油气运聚成藏机制及特点

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2011.04039
    作者简介:

    何家雄(1956-),男,研究员,博士,长期从事油气勘探与地质综合研究,E-mail:hejx@gig.ac.cn

基金项目:

国家自然科学基金项目(41040043),国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(2009CB219501)

  • 中图分类号: P744.4

摘要: 珠江口盆地浅水与深水区地质背景及油气成藏地质条件存在明显差异,其油气分布及油气运聚成藏机制具有显著不同的特点。(1)油气分布具"北油南气"的富集规律。浅水区北部裂陷带和东沙隆起及以北地区,地温梯度低、大地热流小,烃源岩有机质热演化处在油窗范围,以产大量石油为主伴少量油型气,故形成了以文昌、恩平、西江、惠州及陆丰油田群和流花油田群为主的北部陆架浅水石油富集区;深水区南部裂陷带和南部隆起及以南区域,地温梯度及大地热流偏高,烃源岩多处在成熟-高熟凝析油及湿气阶段,以产大量天然气和少量轻质油及凝析油为主,且以白云凹陷东部深水区LW3-1、LH34-2及LH29-1等天然气藏及LH16-2油藏和邻近深水区的白云北坡-番禺低隆起中小气田群为主,构成了以天然气为主的富集区带,但亦具石油及水合物资源潜力的深水油气富集区。(2)浅水区油气运聚成藏机制以外源型成藏组合为主,而深水区则多属混源型成藏组合。浅水区具有上渐新统-中新统三角洲滨岸砂岩及中新统礁灰岩外源型油气运聚成藏机制及含油气系统的特点,迄今勘探发现的大中型油田群均属于此类。半地堑洼陷自源型油气成藏机制在浅水区已被勘探证实但尚未获重大突破;深水区具有上渐新统陆架边缘三角洲砂岩混源型和中新统深水扇系统混源型天然气运聚成藏机制及含油气系统的特点,且存在深水海底天然气水合物及浅层气与深部常规油气共生叠置的展布关系。

English Abstract

参考文献 (33)

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