留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

黏土矿物在古环境重建中的应用

董红梅 宋友桂

董红梅, 宋友桂. 黏土矿物在古环境重建中的应用[J]. 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2009, 29(6): 119-130. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2009.06119
引用本文: 董红梅, 宋友桂. 黏土矿物在古环境重建中的应用[J]. 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2009, 29(6): 119-130. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2009.06119
DONG Hongmei, SONG Yougui. CLAY MINERALOGY AND ITS APPLICATION TO PALEOENVIRONMENTAL RECONSTRUCTION[J]. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 2009, 29(6): 119-130. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2009.06119
Citation: DONG Hongmei, SONG Yougui. CLAY MINERALOGY AND ITS APPLICATION TO PALEOENVIRONMENTAL RECONSTRUCTION[J]. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 2009, 29(6): 119-130. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2009.06119

黏土矿物在古环境重建中的应用


doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2009.06119
详细信息
    作者简介:

    董红梅(1973-),女,讲师,博士生,主要从事自然地理与旅游方面的教学与科研工作,E-mail:donghm_xian@163.com

  • 基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金项目(409772230,40772116,40599421)

    国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(2010CB833406)

  • 中图分类号: P575.9

CLAY MINERALOGY AND ITS APPLICATION TO PALEOENVIRONMENTAL RECONSTRUCTION

More Information
  • 摘要: 黏土矿物组成、含量以及结晶参数的变化与古环境(气候与沉积环境)变化密切相关,可以反映气候冷、暖周期性变化和沉积环境特征。近些年来,黏土矿物分析成为重建古环境的有效手段之一。在阐述黏土矿物的研究方法和古环境意义的基础上,对近20年来黏土矿物在海洋、黄土、湖泊古环境恢复当中的应用进行了回顾和评述。指出随着新的研究方法的不断引入与创新,黏土矿物分析已从定性研究转向半定量、定量研究;黏土矿物记录与孢粉、硅藻、粒度和氧同位素反映的古气候基本吻合,说明黏土矿物是古气候研究的有效方法。但气候以外的其他因素也能引起黏土矿物含量和组合的变化,因此,在进行古气候重建时必须考虑物质来源、水动力条件、地质地貌特征和地球化学环境以及构造运动等因素的可能影响。结合其他多种古环境代用指标的联合运用,黏土矿物研究将在古环境重建中发挥越来越重要的作用,具有广阔的应用前景。
  • [1] Biscaye P E.Mineralogy and sedimentation of recent deep-sea clay in the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent seas and oceans[J].Geological Society of America Bulletin,1965,76(7):803-832.
    [2] Jacobs M B,Hays J D.Paleo-climatic events indicated by mineralogical changes in deep-sea sediments[J].Journal of Sedimentary Research,1972,42(4):889-898.
    [3] Singer A.The paleoclimatic interpretation of clay minerals in soils and weathering profiles[J].Earth-Science Reviews,1980,15(4):303-326.
    [4] Singer A.The paleoclimatic interpretation of clay minerals in sediments——a review[J].Earth-Science Reviews,1984,21(4):251-293.
    [5] 须藤俊男(严寿鹤,贾克实译).黏土矿物学[M].北京:地质出版社,1981.[SUDO Toshi (Translated by YAN Shouhe,LIU Wan,JIA Keshi).Clay Minerology[M].Beijing:Geological Publishing House,1981.]
    [6] 何良彪.海洋沉积岩心中黏土矿物变化与古气候变迁的关系[J].科学通报,1982,27(13):809-812.

    [HE Liangbiao.The relationship between the variance of paleoclimate and the changes of clays in the cores of oceani sedimentary rock[J].Chinese Science Bulletin,1982,27(13):809-812.]
    [7] 朱凤冠.东海陆架区全新世地层中黏土矿物[J].东海海洋,1985,3(4):32-5

    l.[ZHU Fengguan.Clays in Holocene stratum of continental shelf,East China Sea[J].Donghai Marine Science,1985,3(4):32-5l.]
    [8] Liu T S.Loess and the Environment[M].Beijing:China Ocean Press.1985.
    [9] 刘光华.黏土矿物特征与沉积环境关系的初步探讨[J].沉积学报,1987,5(1):48-55.

    [LIU Guanghua.A preliminary study on the relationship between clay mineral and sedimentary environment[J].Acta Sedimentologica Sinica,1987,5(1):48-55.]
    [10] Zheng H,Theng B,Whitton J.Mineral composition of Loess-Paleosol samples from the Loess Plateau of China and its environmental significance[J].Chinese Journal of Geochemistry,1994,13(1):61-72.
    [11] 杨作升.黄河、长江、珠江沉积物中黏土的矿物组合、化学特征及其与物源区气候环境的关系[J].海洋与湖沼,1988,19(4):336-346.

    [YANG Zuosheng.Mineralogical assemblages and chemical characteristics of clays in sediments from the Huanghe,Changjiang,Zhujiang Rivers and their relations to the climate environment in their source areas[J].Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica,1988,19(4):336-346.]
    [12] 徐昶.中国一些盐湖黏土矿物的初步研究[J].海洋与湖沼,1988,19(3):278-285.

    [XU Chang.Study of clay minerals in some salt lakes of China[J].Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica,1988,19(3):278-285.]
    [13] Chamley H.Clay Sedimentology[M].Berlin:Springer-Verlag,1989.
    [14] 蓝先洪.黏土矿物作为古气候指标矿物的探讨[J].地质科技情报,1990,9(4):31-35.

    [LAN Xianhong.Clay minerals as an index of paleoclimate[J].Geological Science and Technology Information,1990,9(4):31-35.]
    [15] 张乃娴,李幼琴,赵惠敏,等.黏土矿物研究方法[M].北京:科学出版社,1990.[ZHANG Naixian,LI Youqin,ZHAO Huimin,et al.Methodology of Clay Minerals[M].Beijing:Science Press,1990.]
    [16] 任磊夫.黏土矿物与黏土岩[M].北京:地质出版社,1992.[REN Leifu.Clay Mineral and Claystone[M].Beijing:Geological Publishing House,1992.]
    [17] 赵杏媛,张乃娴.中国黏土矿物[M].北京:海洋出版社,1994.[ZHAO Xinyuan,ZHANG Naixian.Chinese Clay Minerals[M].Beijing:China Ocean Press,1994.]
    [18] 王行信,辛国强,冯永才.松辽盆地黏土矿物研究[M].哈尔滨:黑龙江科学技术出版社,1990:144-156.[WANG Xingxin,XIN Guoqiang,FENG Yongcai.Research on Clay Minerals in Songliao Basin[M].Harbin Heilongjiang Science and Technology Press,1990:144

    -l56.]
    [19] 赵杏嫒,王行信,张有瑜,等.中国含油气盆地黏土矿物[M].武汉:中国地质大学出版社,1995.[ZHAO Xinyuan,WANG Xingxin,ZHANG Youyu,et al.Clay Mineralogy in Chinese Oil-Gas Basin[M].Wuhan:China University of Geosciences Press,1995.]
    [20] 陈忠,彦文.海洋沉积黏土矿物与古气候、古环境演化响应的研究进展[J].海洋科学,2000,24(2):25-27.

    [CHEN Zhong,YAN Wen.Advances of the studies on clay minerals in marine sediments and its response to evolution of paleocliamte and paleoenvironment[J].Marine Science,2000,24(2):25-27.]
    [21] Wang H,Lu A,Chen T.A new method for clay mineral analysis and its application in geology[J].Acta Geologica Sinica,2002,76(4):429-436.
    [22] Kahle M,Kleber M,Jahn R.Review of XRD-based quantitative analyses of clay minerals in soils:the suitability of mineral intensity factors[J].Geoderma,2002,109(3-4):191-205.
    [23] Ufer K,Stanjek H,Roth G,et al.Quantitative phase analysis of bentonites by the Rietveld method[J].Clays and Clay Minerals,2008,56(2):272-282.
    [24] Xu J,Astin T R,Pan M.Quantification of clay minerals by combined EWA/XRD method——Application in Triassic reservoirs of the Morecambe Gas Field,East Irish Sea,UK[J].Science in China (Series D),2001,31(4):307-317.
    [25] Madejova J,Komadel P.Baseline studies of the clay minerals society source clays:infrared methods[J].Clays and Clay Minerals,2001,49(5):410-432.
    [26] Joussein E,Petit S,Decarreau A.A new method to determine the ratio of clay minerals in mixtures by IR spectroscopy[J].Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Series ⅡA Earth and Planetary Science,2001,332:83-89.
    [27] Johns W D,Grim R E,Bradley W F.Quantitative estimations of clay minerals by diffraction methods[J].Journal of Sedimentary Research,1954,24(4):242-251.
    [28] 马礼敦.近代X射线多晶体衍射——实验技术与数据分析[M].北京:化学工业出版社,2004.[MA Lidun.X-ray Polycrystalline Diffraction:Experiment Technology and Data Analyses[M].Beijing:Chemical Industry Press,2004.]
    [29] 刘志飞,Christophe C,Alain T.傅里叶变换红外光谱(FTIR)方法在南海定量矿物学研究中的应用:以MD01-2393孔为例[J].地球科学——中国地质大学学报,2005,30(1):25-29.

    [LIU Zhifei,Christophe C,Alain T.Application of Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy in quantitative mineralogy of the South China Sea:Example of core MD01-2393[J].Earth Science-Journal of China University of Geosciences,2005,30(1):25-29.]
    [30] 王飞宇,何萍,张水昌等.利用自生伊利石K-Ar定年分析烃类进入储集层的时间[J].地质论评,1997,43(5):540-545.

    [WANG Feiyu,HE Ping,ZHANG Shuichang,et al.The K-Ar isotopic dating of authigenic illite and timing of hydrocarbon fluid emplacement in sandstone reservoir[J].Geological Review,1997,43(5):540-545.]
    [31] 张有瑜,罗修泉.油气储层自生伊利石K-Ar同位素年代学研究现状与展望[J].石油与天然气地质,2004,25(2):231-236.

    [ZHANG Youyu,LUO Xiuquan.K-Ar isotopic chronological study of authigenic illite in reservoirs[J].Oil and Gas Geology,2004,25(2):231-236.]
    [32] 王龙樟,戴檀谟,彭平安.气藏储层自生伊利石40Ar/39Ar定年的实验研究[J].科学通报,2004,49(A01):81-85.

    [WANG Longzhang,DAI Tanmo,PENG Pingan.40Ar/39Ar dating of diagenetic illites in gas reservoir[J].Chinese Science Bulletin,2004,49(A01):81-85.]
    [33] Thiry M.Palaeoclimatic interpretation of clay minerals in marine deposits:an outlook from the continental origin[J].Earth-Science Reviews,2000,49(1-4):201-221.
    [34] 蓝先洪.海洋沉积物中黏土矿物组合特征的古环境意义[J].海洋地质动态,2001,17(1):5-7.

    [LAN Xianhong.Clay mineral assemblage in marine sediments and its paleoclimatic significances[J].Marine Geology Letters,2001,17(1):5-7.]
    [35] 汤艳杰,贾建业,谢先德.黏土矿物的环境意义[J].地学前缘,2002,9(2):337-344.

    [TANG Yanjie,JIA Jianye,XIE Xiande.Environment significance of clay minerals[J].Earth Science Frontiers,2002,9(2):337-344.]
    [36] 陈涛,王欢,张祖青,等.黏土矿物对古气候指示作用浅析[J].岩石矿物学杂志,2003,22(4):416-420.

    [CHEN Tao,WANG Huan,ZHANG Zuqing,et al.Clay minerals as indicators of paleoclimate[J].Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica,2003,22(4):416-420.]
    [37] 孔祥乐,项海光.海洋沉积黏土矿物与全球变化研究的探讨[J].海洋湖沼通报,2003(1):22-26.[KONG Xiangle,XIANG Haiguang.A discussion on the study of clay minerals from ocean sediments and global change[J].Transactions of Oceanology and Limnology,2003

    (1):22-26.]
    [38] Carretero M I,Ruiz F,Rodriguez-Ramirez A,et al.The use of clay minerals and microfossils in palaeoenvironmental reconstructions:The Holocene littoral strand of Las Nuevas (Donana National Park) SW Spain[J].Clay Minerals,2002,37(1):93-103.
    [39] Deepthy R,Balakrishnan S.Climate control on clay mineral formation:Evidence from weathering profiles developed on either side of the Western Ghats[J].Journal of Earth System Science,2005,114(5):545-556.
    [40] Dinis P,Soares A F.Controlling factors on clay mineral assemblages:insights from facies analysis of Pliocene to Pleistocene coastal margin deposits,Western Portugal[J].Geologica Acta,2007,5(2):177-192.
    [41] Fagel N,Boes X.Clay-mineral record in Lake Baikal sediments:the Holocene and late glacial transition[J].Palaeogeography,Palaeoclimatology,Palaeoecology,2008,259(2-3):230-243.
    [42] Fagel N,Thamó-Bózsób E,Heim B.Mineralogical signatures of Lake Baikal sediments:Sources of sediment supplies through Late Quaternary[J].Sedimentary Geology,2007,194(1-2):37-59.
    [43] Takayuki S,Koji M,Mitsuyuki S,et al.Influence of climate fluctuation on clay formation in the Baikal drainage basin[J].Journal of Paleolimnology,2005,33:105-121.
    [44] Yuretich R,Melles M,Sarata B,et al.Clay minerals in the sediments of Lake Baikal; a useful climate proxy[J].Journal of Sedimentary Research,1999,69(3):588-596.
    [45] Gallala W,Gaied M E,Montacer M.Detrital mode,mineralogy and geochemistry of the Sidi Aïch Formation (Early Cretaceous) in central and southwestern Tunisia:Implications for provenance,tectonic setting and paleoenvironment[J].Journal of African Earth Sciences,2009,53(4-5):159-170.
    [46] Goto M,Tazaki K.Clay mineralogical analysis of the paleo-environment sedimentary environment of the Kuruma Group[J].Journal of the Clay Science Society of Japan,1998,38(2):91-102.
    [47] Steinke S,Hanebuth T J J,Vogt C,et al.Sea level induced variations in clay mineral composition in the southwestern South China Sea over the past 17000 years[J].Marine Geology,2008,250(3-4):199-210.
    [48] 鲁春霞.黏土矿物在古环境研究中的指示作用[J].中国沙漠,1997,17(4):456-460.

    [LU Chunxia.Clay minerals as indicators of paleoenvironment[J].Journal of Desert Research,1997,17(4):456-460.]
    [49] Gylesjö S,Arnold E.Clay mineralogy of a red clay-loess sequence from Lingtai,the Chinese Loess Plateau[J].Global and Planetary Change,2006,51(3-4):181-194.
    [50] Bain D C.The weathering of chloritic minerals in some Scottish soils[J].European Journal of Soil Science,1977,28(1):144-164.
    [51] 季峻峰,陈骏,刘连文,等.洛川黄土中绿泥石的化学风化与磁化率增强[J].自然科学进展,1999,9(7):619-623.

    [JI Junfeng,CHEN Jun,LIU Lianwen,et al.Enhancement of magnetic susceptibility and chemical weathering of chlorite in loess,Luochuan[J].Advance in Natural Science,1999,9(7):619-623.]
    [52] 赵良,季峻峰,陈骏,等.最近13万年来黄土高原黄土剖面中绿泥石的化学风化与古气候变迁[J].矿物学报,2003,23(2):163-168.

    [ZHAO Liang,JI Junfeng,CHEN Jun,et al.Chemical weathering of chlorite in chinese loess-paleosol sequences in the last 130 ka and climate change[J].Acta Mineralogica Sinica,2003,23(2):163-168.]
    [53] Zhao L,Ji J,Chen J,et al.Variations of illite/chlorite ratio in Chinese loess sections during the last glacial and interglacial cycle:Implications for monsoon reconstruction[J].Geophys.Res.Lett.,2005,32:L20718 doi:10.1029/2005GL024145.
    [54] Boulay S,Colin C,Trentesaux A,et al.Sediment sources and East Asian monsoon intensity over the last 450 ky Mineralogical and geochemical investigations on South China Sea sediments[J].Palaeogeography,Palaeoclimatology,Palaeoecology,2005,228(3-4):260-277.
    [55] Liu Z,Alain T,Steven C C,et al.Quaternary clay mineralogy in the northern South China Sea(ODP Site 1146)[J].Science in China (Series D),2003,46(12):1223-1235.
    [56] Liu Z,Colin C,Trentesaux A,et al.Late Quaternary climatic control on erosion and weathering in the eastern Tibetan Plateau and the Mekong Basin[J].Quaternary Research,2005,63(3):316-328.
    [57] 谢巧勤,陈天虎,季峻峰,等.甘肃灵台黄土-红黏土序列中坡缕石的分布及其古气候意义[J].岩石矿物学杂志,2005,24(6):653-658.

    [XIE Qiaoqin,CHEN Tianhu,JI Junfeng.The distribution of palygorskite in Lingtai section of Chinese Loess Plateau and its paleoclimate significance[J].Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica,2005,24(6):653-658.]
    [58] Liu Z,Trentesaux A,Clemens S C,et al.Clay mineral assemblages in the northern South China Sea:implications for East Asian monsoon evolution over the past 2 million years[J].Marine Geology,2003,201(1-3):133-146.
    [59] Fagel N,Boski T,Likhoshway L,et al.Late Quaternary clay mineral record in Central Lake Baikal (Academician Ridge,Siberia)[J].Palaeogeography,Palaeoclimatology,Palaeoecology,2003,193(1):159-179.
    [60] 何良彪.南海沉积岩心中黏土矿物的研究[J].青岛海洋大学学报:自然科学版,1992,22(3):73-81.

    [HE Liangbiao.Clay mineral of sediement cores from South China Sea[J].Journal of Qingdao Ocean University (Nature Science),1992,22(3):73-81.]
    [61] 蓝先洪,马道修,徐明广,等.珠江口晚第四纪沉积物的黏土矿物及指相意义[J].台湾海峡,1987,7(2):127-134.

    [LAN Xianhong,MA Daoxiu,XU Mingguang,et al.Late Quaternary clay mineral in Pearl delta and its significance[J].Journal of Oceanography in Taiwan Strait,1987,7(2):127-134.]
    [62] Liu Z,Colin C,Huang W,et al.Climatic and tectonic controls on weathering in south China and Indochina Peninsula:Clay mineralogical and geochemical investigations from the Pearl,Red,and Mekong drainage basins[J].Geochem.Geophys.Geosyst.,2007,8:Q05005,doi:05010.01029/02006GC001490.
    [63] Liu Z,Colin C,Trentesaux A,et al.Clay mineral records of East Asian monsoon evolution during late Quaternary in the southern South China Sea[J].Science in China (Series D:Earth Sciences),2005,48(1):84-92.
    [64] Liu Z,Trentesaux A,Clemens S C,et al.Clay mineral assemblages in the northern South China Sea:implications for East Asian monsoon evolution over the past 2 million years[J].Marine Geology,2003,201:133-146.
    [65] Wan S,Li A,Clift P D,et al.Development of the East Asian monsoon:Mineralogical and sedimentologic records in the northern South China Sea since 20 Ma[J].Palaeogeography,Palaeoclimatology,Palaeoecology,2007,254(3-4):561-582.
    [66] Wan S,Li A,Xu K,et al.Characteristics of clay minerals in the northern South China Sea and its implications for evolution of East Asian monsoon since Miocene[J].Journal of China University of Geosciences,2008,19(1):23-37.
    [67] 杨群慧,张富元,林振宏,等.南海东北部晚更新世以来沉积环境演变的矿物-地球化学记录[J].海洋学报,2004,26(2):72-80.

    [YANG Qunhui,ZHAN Fuyuan,LIN Zhenhong,et al.On mineralogical and geochemical records of paleosedimentary environmental variation in the northeastern South China Sea since the late Pleistocene[J].Acta Oceanologica Sinica,2004,26(2):72-80.]
    [68] 周怀阳,叶瑛,沈忠悦.南海南部沉积物中黏土矿物组成变化及其古沉积信息记录初探[J].海洋学报,2004,26(2):52-60.

    [ZHOU Huaiyang,YE Ying,SHEN Zhongyue.On the variation of clay minerals and their paleosedimentary records in the sediment cores in the southern area of the South China Sea[J].Acta Oceanologica Sinica,2004,26(2):52-60.]
    [69] Liu Z,Zhao Y,Li J,et al.Late Quaternary clay minerals off Middle Vietnam in the western South China Sea:Implications for source analysis and East Asian monsoon evolution[J].Science in China (Series D),2008,50(11):1674-1684.
    [70] 师育新,戴雪荣,宋之光,等.我国不同气候带黄土中黏土矿物组合特征分析[J].沉积学报,2005,23(4):690-695.

    [SHI Yuxin,DAI Xuerong,SONG Zhiguang,et al.Characteristics of clay mineral assemblages and their spatial distribution of Chinese Loess in different climatic zones[J].Acta Sedimentologica Sinica,2005,23(4):690-695.]
    [71] Kalm V E,Rutter N W,Rokosh C D.Clay minerals and their paleoenvironmental interpretation in the Baoji loess section,Southern Loess Plateau,China[J].Catena,1996,27(1):49-61.
    [72] Zheng H Theng B K G S.Mineral composition of loess-paleosol samples from the loess plateau of China and its environmental significance[J].Chinese Journal of Geochemistry,1994,13(1):61-72.
    [73] 郭正堂,Fedoroff N.西峰和西安黄土中盐碱化古土壤气候意义的初步探讨[J].第四纪研究,1992,12(2):107-117.

    [GUO Zhengtang,Fedoroff N.A study on the paleoclimatic implication of the saline-alkali Paleosols in Xifeng and Xi'an loess sections[J].Quaternary Sciences,1992,12(2):107-117.]
    [74] 郭正堂,刘东生,安芷生.渭南黄土沉积中十五万年来的古土壤及形成的古环境[J].第四纪研究,1994,14(3):256-269.

    [GUO Zhengtang,LIU Tungsheng,AN Zhisheng.Paleosols of the last 0.15 Ma in the Weinan loess section and their paleoclimatic significance[J].Quaternary Sciences,1994,14(3):256-269.]
    [75] 师育新,戴雪荣.末次间冰期兰州黄土记录中的黏土矿物及其环境意义探讨[J].海洋地质与第四纪地质,1997,17(1):87-94.

    [SHI Yuxin,DAI Xuerong.Origin and significance of clay minerlas in the last interglacial loess in Lanzhou area,North Central China[J].Marine Geology and Quaternary Geology,1997,17(1):87-94.]
    [76] 季峻峰,陈骏.陕西洛川黄土-古土壤剖面中伊利石结晶度[J].地质论评,1997,43(2):181-185.

    [JI Junfeng,CHEN Jun.Crystallinity of illite from the Luochuan loess paleosol sequence,Shaanxi Province.[J].Geological Review,1997,43(2):181-185.]
    [77] 季峻峰,陈骏,鹿化煜.陕西洛川黄土中伊利石成因的透射电镜证据[J].科学通报,1998,43(19):2095-2098.

    [JI Junfeng,CHEN Jun,LU Huayu.Origin of illite in the loess from the Luochuan area,Shaanxi Province:evidences from transmission electron microscope[J].Chinese Science Bulletin,1998,43(19):2095-2098.]
    [78] Ji J,Chen J,Lu H.Origin of illite in the loess from the Luochuan area,Loess Plateau,Central China[J].Clay Minerals,1999,34:525-525.
    [79] 张永双,曲永新.黄土高原马兰黄土黏土矿物的定量研究[J].地质论评,2004,50(5):530-537.

    [ZHANG Yongshuang,QU Yongxin.Quantitative research on clay mineral composition of the Malan Loess from the Loess Plateau in China[J].Geological Review,2004,50(5):530-537.]
    [80] 陈莉,张立飞,王河锦,等.陕北洛川黄土中两种不同类型的伊利石[J].科学通报,2004,49(23):2449-2454.

    [CHEN Li,ZHANG Lifei,WANG Hejin,et al.Two different types of illite in Luochuan Loess,Northern Shaanxi Province[J].Chinese Science Bulletin,2004,49(23):2449-2454.]
    [81] 洪汉烈,薛惠娟,张克信,等.临夏盆地晚渐新世沉积物中坡缕石的发现及其环境气候意义[J].地球科学——中国地质大学学报,2007,32(5):598-604.

    [HONG Hanlie,XUE Huijuan,ZHANG Kexin,et al.Occurrence of palygorskite in late Oligocene in Linxia basin and its geological and climatic indicator[J].Earth Science-Journal of China University of Geosciences,2007,30(5):598-604.]
    [82] 洪汉烈,于娜,薛惠娟,等.临夏盆地晚更新世沉积物黏土矿物的特征及其古气候指示[J].现代地质,2007,21(2):406-414.

    [HONG Hanlie,YU Na,XUE Huijuan,et al.Clay mineralogy and its palaeoclimatic indicator of the late Pleistocene in Linxia Basin[J].Geoscience,2007,21(2):405-414.]
    [83] 彭淑贞,郭正堂.风成三趾马红土与第四纪黄土的黏土矿物组成异同及其环境意义[J].第四纪研究,2007,27(2):277-285.

    [PENG Shuzhen,GUO Zhengtang.Clay mineral composition of the Tertiary red clay and the quaternary loess-paleosols as well as its environmental implication[J].Quaternary Sciences,2007,27(2):277-285.]
    [84] Ji J,Balsam W,Chen J.Mineralogic and climatic interpretations of the Luochuan loess section (China) based on diffuse reflectance spectrophotometry[J].Quaternary Research,2001,56(1):23-30.
    [85] Ji J,Chen J,Zhou W,et al.Mineralogical evidences of a warm and dry summer monsoon for the late Tertiary red clay formation,China[J].Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,2006,70(18,Supplement 1):A292-A292.
    [86] Solotchina E P,Prokopenkoa A,Vasilevskya N,et al.Simulation of XRD patterns as an optimal technique for studying glacial and interglacial clay mineral associations in bottom sediments of Lake Baikal[J].Clay Minerals,2002,37(1):105-119.
    [87] Solotchina E P,Prokopenko A A,Kuzmin M I,et al.Climate signals in sediment mineralogy of Lake Baikal and Lake Hovsgol during the LGM-Holocene transition and the 1-Ma carbonate record from the HDP-04 drill core[J].Quaternary International,2009,In Press,Corrected Proof:doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2009.1002.1027
    [88] Solotchina E P,Kuzmin M I,Prokopenko A A,et al.Clay minerals and Paleoclimatic signals in the Holocene-Pleistocene sediments of Lake Baikal[J].Doklady Earth Science,2004,398(7):1006-1011.
    [89] 张世涛,宋学良,张子雄,等.星云湖表层沉积物矿物组成及其环境意义[J].地球科学进展,2003,18(6):928-932.

    [ZHANG Shitao,SONG Xueliang,ZHANG Zixiong,et al.The changing of mineral composition and environmental significance in surface sediments of Xingyun Lake[J].Advances in Earth Sciences,2003,18(6):928-932.]
    [90] Li M,Kang S,Zhu L,et al.Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Holocene lacustrine sediments in Nam Co,Tibet[J].Quaternary International,2008,187(1):105-116.
    [91] 徐昶.中国盐湖黏土矿物研究[M].北京:科学出版社,1993.[XU Chang.Clay Mineralogy in Chinese Salty Lake[M].Beijing:Science Press,1993.]
    [92] 朱大岗,孟宪刚,赵希涛,等.西藏纳木错晚更新世以来湖面变化和湖相沉积中黏土矿物显示的环境信息[J].地质力学学报,2004,10(4):300-309.

    [ZHU Dagang,MENG Xiangang,ZHAO Xitao.Lake level change of Nam Co,Tibet,since the late Pleistocene and environment information of clay minerals in lacustrine deposits[J].Journal of Geomechanics,2004,10(4):300-309.]
    [93] 赵永胜.云南星云湖断陷湖盆中黏土矿物组合特征与沉积环境关系的初步探讨[J].海洋与湖沼,1993,24(5):447-455.

    [ZHAO Yongsheng.A preliminary study on the relationship between the characteristics of clay mineral assemblage and sedimentary environments in down-faulted lake basins of Xingyun Lake,Yunan Province[J].Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica,1993,24(5):447-455.]
    [94] 史兴民,李有利,杨景春.新疆玛纳斯河蘑菇湖沉积物中黏土矿物及其环境意义[J].干旱区地理,2007,30(1):84-88.

    [SHI Xingmin,LI Youli,YANG Jingchun.Environmental significance and clay mineral characteristics of Mogu lake sediment of manas river[J].Arid Land Geography,2007,30(1):84-88.]
    [95] 程捷,唐德翔,张绪教,等.黏土矿物在黄河源区古气候研究中的应用[J].现代地质,2003,17(1):47-50.

    [CHENG Jie,TANG Dexiang,ZHANG Xujiao,et al.Research on the Holocene climate in the source area of the Yellow River by clay minerals[J].Geoscience,2003,17(1):47-50.]
    [96] 王朝文,洪汉烈,向树元,等.东昆仑阿拉克湖早更新世沉积物黏土矿物特征及其古气候环境意义[J].地质科技情报,2008,27(5):37-42.

    [WANG Chaowen,HONG Hanlie,XIANG Shuyuan,et al.Characteristics of clay minerals and their paleoclimatic indicator of Early Pleistocene sediments from Alag lake,east Kunlun[J].Geological Science and Technology Information,2008,27(5):37-42.]
    [97] 徐昶,林乐枝.青海湖沉积物中的黏土矿物[J].地质科学,1989,4:348-354.[XU Chang,LIN Lezhi.Clay mineralogy in Qinghai Lake[J].Chinese Journal of Geology,1989

    ,4:348-354.]
  • [1] 杜晓东, 彭光荣, 吴静, 蔡国富, 汪晓萌1, 索艳慧, 周洁.  珠江口盆地阳江东凹始新统的源汇过程:碎屑锆石定年及物源示踪 . 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2021, 41(5): 1-14. doi: 10.16562/j.cnki.0256-1492.2021071301
    [2] 孔丽茹, 罗敏, 陈多福.  新西兰Hikurangi俯冲带沉积物成岩作用示踪研究:来自孔隙流体Sr同位素证据 . 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2021, 41(5): 1-9.
    [3] 曾志刚, 张玉祥, 陈祖兴, 李晓辉, 齐海燕, 王晓媛, 陈帅, 殷学博.  西太平洋弧后盆地的热液系统及其岩浆环境研究 . 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2021, 41(5): 1-13. doi: 10.16562/j.cnki.0256-1492.2021070101
    [4] 肖倩文, 冯秀丽, 苗晓明.  神狐海域SH37岩心浊流沉积及其物源分析 . 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2021, 41(5): 1-11. doi: 10.16562/j.cnki.0256-1492.2021011901
    [5] 兰蕾, 李友川, 王一博.  南海南部海陆过渡相烃源岩的两类分布模式 . 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2021, 41(5): 1-8. doi: 10.16562/j.cnki.0256-1492.2021011802
    [6] 雷雁翔, 何磊, 王玉敏, 张朋朋, 张斌, 胡蕾, 吴治国, 叶思源.  渤海湾西岸晚更新世以来的沉积环境演化及碳埋藏评价 . 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2021, (): 1-12. doi: 10.16562/j.cnki.0256-1492.2021020101
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  714
  • HTML全文浏览量:  53
  • PDF下载量:  4
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2009-03-30
  • 修回日期:  2009-08-10

黏土矿物在古环境重建中的应用

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1140.2009.06119
    作者简介:

    董红梅(1973-),女,讲师,博士生,主要从事自然地理与旅游方面的教学与科研工作,E-mail:donghm_xian@163.com

基金项目:

国家自然科学基金项目(409772230,40772116,40599421)

国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(2010CB833406)

  • 中图分类号: P575.9

摘要: 黏土矿物组成、含量以及结晶参数的变化与古环境(气候与沉积环境)变化密切相关,可以反映气候冷、暖周期性变化和沉积环境特征。近些年来,黏土矿物分析成为重建古环境的有效手段之一。在阐述黏土矿物的研究方法和古环境意义的基础上,对近20年来黏土矿物在海洋、黄土、湖泊古环境恢复当中的应用进行了回顾和评述。指出随着新的研究方法的不断引入与创新,黏土矿物分析已从定性研究转向半定量、定量研究;黏土矿物记录与孢粉、硅藻、粒度和氧同位素反映的古气候基本吻合,说明黏土矿物是古气候研究的有效方法。但气候以外的其他因素也能引起黏土矿物含量和组合的变化,因此,在进行古气候重建时必须考虑物质来源、水动力条件、地质地貌特征和地球化学环境以及构造运动等因素的可能影响。结合其他多种古环境代用指标的联合运用,黏土矿物研究将在古环境重建中发挥越来越重要的作用,具有广阔的应用前景。

English Abstract

参考文献 (97)

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回